You Can’t Drink The Oil…When The Water is All Gone

Please visit https://www.stopline3.org/ to learn more facts and figures about Line 3!

The text from the comic below- sorry for the all caps…


IN JUNE 2021, DURING A RECORD-BREAKING HEATWAVE WITH MUCH OF THE WEST AND UPPER MID WESTERN US IN DROUGHT (DI LIBERTO, 2021 JUNE 3) , THE MINNESOTA DEPARTMENT OF RESOURCES (MN DNR) ENDORSED AN AMENDED CONSTRUCTION DEWATERING PERMIT IN A LETTER TO ENBRIDGE, A FOREIGN OWNED MULTI NATIONAL ENERGY CORPORATION, 

FOR 4.98 BILLION GALLONS OF WATER TO COMPLETE WORK ON LINE 3, WHICH ONLY COST ENBRIDGE $150.00 (MN DNR, 2021 JUNE 4). 

WHY IS THE MN DNR ALLOWING A FOREIGN ENERGY CORPORATION TO PLUNDER SO MUCH PRECIOUS WATER DURING A DROUGHT?

 4.98 BILLION GALLONS OF WATER IS ABOUT WHAT THE 5.7 MILLION POPULATION OF MINNESOTA USES FROM THE PUBLIC WATER SUPPLY IN 10 DAYS. THE USGS ESTIMATED IN 2015 THAT MINNESOTA’S PEOPLE USE 515 MILLION GALLONS OF WATER A DAY FROM THE PUBLIC WATER SUPPLY (USGS, 2015). THAT’S 4980000000/515000000= 9.67 DAYS OF PUBLIC-SUPPLY WATER USE.

$150 IS EASILY WHAT A US HOUSEHOLD WOULD PAY FOR 2 MONTHS ON THE PUBLIC WATER SUPPLY USING AROUND 20,000 GAL OF WATER – ESTIMATED FOR A FAMILY OF FOUR PEOPLE.- BASED ON US EPA (2015) ESTIMATES THAT AMERICANS USE  82 GAL OF WATER PER PERSON DAILY. THE AVERAGE AMERICAN HOUSEHOLD SPENDS ABOUT $73 PER MONTH ON THEIR WATER BILL (TISEO, 2019), 

4.98 BILLION GAL OF WATER WOULD COST THE AVERAGE PERSON AT LEAST $25 MILLION DOLLARS ON TAP

THE MINNESOTA DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH (2020) ESTIMATES THAT TAP WATER COSTS BETWEEN A QUARTER AND A HALF CENT PER GALLON, ON AVERAGE, WHILE BOTTLED WATER COSTS BETWEEN $1.00 AND $7.50 PER GALLON NATIONALLY, ON AVERAGE.

THE VERY CHEAPEST RATE AT HALF A CENT PER GALLON 0.005 PER GAL X 4.98BN GAL= $24,900,000/ $24.9 MILLION.

ABOUT 11,500 GALLONS OF CONTAMINATED “DRILLING MUD” HAVE BEEN “INADVERTENTLY RELEASED” IN 2021 FROM LINE 3 , CURRENT AS OF AUGUST 5TH, PER “WATCH THE LINE MN” BLOG, WHICH SUPPORTS INDEPENDENT OBSERVATIONS/ CITIZEN SCIENCE ALONGSIDE OFFICIAL SOURCES. 

TWEETS FROM THE MINNESOTA POLLUTION CONTROL AGENCY (2021, AUGUST 9) INDICATE THAT  KNOWN “INADVERTENT RELEASES” HAVE OCCURRED AT 12-14 OUT OF THE  23 SITES FOR LINE 3. 

A MATERIAL SAFETY DATA SHEET (MSDS) FOR DRILLING MUD ADDITIVE (USGS, 2011) NOTES THE HAZARDS TO HEALTH AND ENVIRONMENT, SPECIFICALLY STATING IN THE ‘ACCIDENTAL RELEASE MEASURES’ TO, “PREVENT FROM ENTERING SEWERS, WATERWAYS, OR LOW AREAS,”  AND THAT THE CHEMICAL, “MAY CAUSE EYE AND SKIN IRRITATION” “AIRBORNE DUST MAY BE EXPLOSIVE. DECOMPOSITION IN FHEALTH AND ENVIRONMENT, “

REFERENCES:

DI LIBERTO, T. (2021, JUNE 3). RECORD-BREAKING JUNE 2021 HEATWAVE IMPACTS THE U.S. WEST. CLIMATE.GOV. HTTPS://WWW.CLIMATE.GOV/NEWS-FEATURES/EVENT-TRACKER/RECORD-BREAKING-JUNE-2021-HEATWAVE-IMPACTS-US-WEST

MN DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH. (2020). BOTTLED WATER: QUESTIONS AND ANSWERS. STATE OF MINNESOTA. HTTPS://WWW.HEALTH.STATE.MN.US/COMMUNITIES/ENVIRONMENT/WATER/FACTSHEET/BOTTLEDWATER.HTML

MN DEPT OF NATURAL RESOURCES. (2021, JUNE).  ENBRIDGE LINE 3 REPLACEMENT PROJECT WATER APPROPRIATION PERMIT AMENDMENT NO. 2018 – 3420 (CONSTRUCTION DEWATERING). HTTPS://FILES.DNR.STATE.MN.US/FEATURES/LINE3/DECISIONS/04JUNE2021-UPDATE-TRENCH-WATERING-DECISIONS.PDF

TISEO, I. (2019). AVERAGE MONTHLY RESIDENTIAL COST OF WATER IN THE U.S. FROM 2010 TO 2019 (IN U.S. DOLLARS). STATISTA.COM. HTTPS://WWW.STATISTA.COM/STATISTICS/720418/AVERAGE-MONTHLY-COST-OF-WATER-IN-THE-US/

US ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION AGENCY. (2015).  STATISTICS AND FACTS. WHY SAVE WATER? HTTPS://WWW.EPA.GOV/WATERSENSE/STATISTICS-AND-FACTS

US GEOLOGICAL SURVEY. (2015). U.S. FRESHWATER WITHDRAWALS, 1950-2015. HOW MUCH WATER DO WE USE? US DEPARTMENT OF INTERIOR. HTTPS://LABS.WATERDATA.USGS.GOV/VISUALIZATIONS/WATER-USE/INDEX.HTML

___. (2021, AUGUST 20). MAPPING THE ENBRIDGE LINE 3 FRAC OUTS. WATCH THE LINE MN. HTTPS://WATCHTHELINEMN.ORG/2021/08/20/MAPPING-THE-ENBRIDGE-LINE-3-FRAC-OUTS/

MINNESOTA POLLUTION CONTROL AGENCY (2021, AUGUST 9). TWITTER STATEMENTS. TWITTER. HTTPS://TWITTER.COM/MNPCA/STATUS/1424845875629772814?S=20

MINNESOTA STATE DEMOGRAPHIC CENTER. (2019). POPULATION DAT: OUR ESTIMATES. DEPARTMENT OF ADMINISTRATION. HTTPS://MN.GOV/ADMIN/DEMOGRAPHY/DATA-BY-TOPIC/POPULATION-DATA/OUR-ESTIMATES/

US GEOLOGICAL SURVEY. (2011, AUGUST). MATERIAL SAFETY DATA SHEET (MSDS) FOR DRILLING MUD. HTTPS://PUBS.USGS.GOV/SIR/2014/5098/PDF/SIR20145098_APPENDIXA.PDF

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